The Bureau of Land Management was created in 1946 when President Harry S. Truman merged the General Land Office and the U.S. Grazing Service. The BLM manages public lands through partnership and collaboration, using sound science.
The Bureau of Reclamation was founded in 1902 to manage the dams, canals, and powerplants planned for construction across the Western USA. Today, they are the largest manager and wholesaler of water in the country, and the second largest producer of hydroelectric power in the USA.
The United States Geological Survey was founded in 1879, and serves to provide reliable scientific information to protect against natural disasters, manager water and mineral resources, and enhance and protect our quality of life.
The Bellagio fountains in Las Vegas are often cited as a example of wasteful water usage in the Western USA. After all, what could be worse than using precious drinking water on a display 1000 feet wide and pumping the water over 400 feet into the air?
The 22 million gallons used by the fountains come from an underground well on the property, which was formerly used to supply the Dunes golf course, and the water is recycled. Therefore it does not impact the metropolitan water supply, which comes from Lake Mead, the reservoir created by the iconic Hoover Dam, located just 35 minutes from the Vegas “Strip”, near the town of Boulder City. Las Vegas was ranked the “wisest water smart city” in the country by a study by Yahoo Finance. A water display we can enjoy without guilt.
Could half of California’s water shortage be corrected by a simple visit from Joe the Plumber? According to the Pacific Institute, the answer is yes. Gov. Jerry Brown ordered cities throughout the State of California to save about 500 billion of gallons of water a year. Yet, 237 billion gallons trickle out of leaky pipes, water fountains, and faucets every year.
Lets fix the leaky pipes and faucets.
Are outdoor garden fountains a threat to the west’s precious water supplies? It depends. In many public displays, large water fountains and water features use municipal water supplies, and this water drains off to the wastewater system after use.
However, most smaller, and home fountains use recycling systems with a small pump, limiting water loss to evaporation or spillage, thus rendering the water waste impact extremely small.
Wall fountains with recirculating pumps use even less water, and when placed in a shady area, are less prone to evaporation.